1776-1781 claims on land east of the Mississippi River. Students and Teachers of US History this is a video of Stanley and Christopher Klos presenting America’s Four United Republics Curriculum at the University of Pennsylvania’s Wharton School. The December 2015 video was hawaii June 9, 1963 – John F. Kennedy – John F. Kennedy And The Negro impromptu capture by a member of the audience of Penn students, professors and guests that numbered about 200.

On April 14, 1785, the USCA had debated the expanding the Ordinance of 1784 and after much discussion over Thomas Jefferson’s survey method, William Grayson made a motion, seconded by James Monroe, to change seven miles square to six miles square and the current US Survey system was born. I think that if this source of revenue be rightly managed, that these republics may soon be discharged from that state of oppression and distress that an indebted people must invariably feel. The States had relinquish their rights to a “test tract” of land and the USCA’s Western Land Ordinance of 1785 was passed on May 20, 1785. Exhibited is the  Pennsylvania Packett and Daily Advertiser, Monday, May 30, 1785,  full printing of the Western Land Ordinance dated May 20, 1785 and signed in type by Richard Henry Lee as President of the United States in Congress Assembled and Charles Thomson as Secretary of the United States in Congress Assembled. The Western Land Ordinance put the earlier 1784 Land Ordinance into operation by providing a mechanism for selling and settling the land.

The federal surveyors divided the land into carefully planned individual square townships. The Federal Government under the Western Land Ordinance of 1785 lacked the resources to manage the newly surveyed Northwest Territorial lands because Native Americans refused to relinquish a large percentage of the plotted land and most of the territory remained too dangerous for settlement. By 1787 the USCA was in the right frame of mind to consider plans for bringing the government lands into market because the Ohio Company was willing to purchase millions of acres for private development. Earlier that year, the Ohio Company replaced Parsons with the Reverend Manasseh Cutler aligned himself with William Duer, secretary of the U. Treasury were dire and Duer and his associates formed a steadfast group of New York speculators determined for the settlement of the Northwest Territory.

The Committee consisted of only Virginia Delegate Edward Carrington and Massachusetts Delegate Nathan Dane because committee members James Madison and Rufus King were in Philadelphia at the Philadelphia Convention. The committee, animated by the presence of Lee, went to its work in good earnest. Dane, who had been actively employed on the colonial government for more than a year, and for about ten months, had served on the committee which had the subject in charge, acted the part of scribe. Cutler added an educational provision which was revised by the committee and became part of Article III.

Other revisions were made after input from the President. Cutler, satisfied with the changes, did not remain in New York for the vote in Congress and left for Philadelphia that evening. The ordinance required seven votes to pass and the States were divided four South and five North. The reading by Chairman Nathan Dane on the 11th did not include the provision abolishing slavery. The Chairman who has been credited, along with Cutler, with the primary drafting of the ordinance thought it best to leave the anti-slavery language out. In a strange twist of events on July 12th, as the all-important Northwest Ordinance bill was being debated on the floor, President St. Clair decided to take a three-day leave of Congress along with what surely would have been a yes vote from the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania.